Pre-Carriage, Carriage and On-Carriage
Ocean Freight, what is the difference between Pre-Carriage, Carriage and On-Carriage
Below we will break down each area of the transportation and take a closer look at each for further explanation.
Pre-Carriage is the term given to any inland transportation that takes place prior to the container being loaded on board a vessel at a port of loading. This activity can take place at the same location as the port of loading, or at a location nearby the port of loading. For example, an empty container is released by the ocean line in New York and moved to Lititz, PA for loading. The loaded container would then be transported over the road back to New York Port. This portion of the transportation would be known as pre-carriage.
Carriage is the term given to the transportation of the cargo or container while it is on-board the vessel on the ocean from the port of loading in route to the port of discharge. An example of this would be when a container is transported from New York to any foreign port via ocean freight. This portion of the transportation is known as carriage.
On-Carriage is the term given to any inland transportation that takes place after the container is discharged from the vessel at a port of discharge. This would typically take place at a location close to the port of discharge, or a container could be placed on a rail to move to a location further away. An example of on-carriage would be when a container is discharged at Shanghai Port and placed in the terminal yard. The container is then picked up from the pier and delivered to a warehouse in Shanghai where it is unloaded. This would be known as on-carriage.
A very basic description would be:
- Pre-Carriage – The transportation that takes place before the container is loaded on the vessel
- Carriage – The transportation that takes place while the container is on board the vessel
- On-Carriage – The transportation that takes place after the container is discharged from the vessel
For any questions regarding your transportation needs, please contact Andrew Tunis email@example.com