Common Domestic Terms
SU-Set Up, A Shipment that is set up is something that is assembled for example if you are shipping an assembled piece of furniture fully “Set Up”. Items that are set up typically move at a higher freight class.
KD- Knocked Down, Reducing an item by 1/3 This is when an item is about 1/3 less the size than it would be when Set Up, when shipments are knocked down the typically move at a lower class than if it were set up.
NE-Nested, When an item is Nested it is sitting within another item like Styrofoam cups or buckets sitting one inside the other.
KDF- Knocked down Flat, when an item is knocked down to 2/3 less than what it would be had the item been Set Up. Items that are knocked down flat typically move at a greater reduced rate than Knocked down
Crated or boxed -When an item is an enclosed in a crate or box. For example machinery parts move at lower class if crated versus uncrated.
Loose Freight- This is freight that is not on a skid or crated, this is sometimes known as floor loaded some examples of loose freight include rolls of fabric or boxes of shoes not on skids.
Over length- An over length shipment is one that typical over 12 feet; each carrier has a different standard for over length freight. Many add a surcharge for handling longer pieces of freight.
LTL- Stands for Less than Truckload this would be most shipments over 150 lbs but less than 20,000 or a shipment that is less than 150lbs but is too big or expensive for a parcel carrier to ship.
Dock To terminal- This is a shipment that sent from a business and is then left at a delivery terminal for a customer to pick up. A common example would be a business that ships primarily to residences but to save on the residential fee the customer elects to drive to the delivery terminal to pick up their goods.
Terminal to dock- This is when a shipper elects to bring an item to the terminal but the delivery is made direct from the carrier to the customer.
Terminal to Terminal- While this is less common both the shipper and consignee make arrangements to have the shipment dropped off at the terminal and picked up at the delivery terminal
Business to Business- A business to business delivery is a business that either has a dock or is a commercial location. A home based business is not considered a business delivery or pickup even if “business” is conducted there or even if the location has a forklift.
Business to Farm or Residence, Limited Access- This when a delivery is made at a farm, residence or school, Most carriers will charge an additional fee to delivery to one of these locations or if an area is more rural and difficult to access.
High Cost Delivery Area- Carriers may charge what is called a high cost delivery area surcharge because the logistics of delivering to this area are more difficult do to possibly high traffic and other factors places like LA or Chicago are some of the main places where carriers will add on a high cost delivery surcharge.
BOL- This stands for Bill of Lading. A BOL is a contract of carriage used as evidence that a transport company or carrier received goods from a shipper. This contract indicates the shipping method and terms for getting the merchandise to its final destination. A PNG Bill of lading will list the shipper, consignee carrier, item description, weight and NMFC number.
3PL- This stands for a third party logistics company. Example PNG Logistics is a non asset-based third party logistics company (we don’t have our own trucks) with the expertise, contracts and pricing to help your business.
Pup Trailer- A pup trailer is a 28ft trailer
Straight Truck- A straight truck is small box truck that is attached to the cab straight trucks are used for pickups and deliveries typically for residential or limited access pickup and deliveries. Some commercial locations may have a dock but a 53 foot trailer cannot adequately maneuver that are so a straight truck may be necessary. A straight truck looks like a U-Haul
Common Carrier- In LTL terms this means a trucking company that handles LTL shipments like Con-way, YRC, or Vitran
Fuel Surcharge- This is the amount on top of the net rate that is charged for fuel. This is determined as a percentage. Fuel Surcharges can change from week to week.
Hazmat- Stands for Hazardous Material, which can include flammables, corrosive liquids. There is usually a fee added for shipping Hazmat product
P & D – Stands for Pick-up and Delivery, Pickups are usually in the afternoon and deliveries are in the morning. This is how most carriers plan their routes
Pallet Size- Standard size- These are the dimensions of the skid standard size pallets are usually 48X48
Trailer Size- This is the length of the trailer
NMFC- Stands for National Motor Freight Classification, This is a standardized classification guide in which most common carriers evaluate the class of freight. This standard is what both carriers and shippers use to determine the Class of a product. The class of a product is based on an evaluation of density, ease of handling and liability or the value of product; an item can be one of 18 classes ranging from class 50 to class 500.